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The World of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas

Gordion lies 80 km (50 miles) southwest of Ankara in the steppe land of Turkey’s Central Anatolian region.

Speakers: Julian Siggers, Brian C. Rose, Charles Williams and Nicolo Marchetti.

International scholars and archaeological excavation directors exploring Phrygian culture found at Gordion and other sites around Turkey come together for a scholarly conference funded by the Office of the Provost University of Pennsylvania Research Council, the Penn Museum.

Gordion was the capital city of ancient Phrygia, settled by Brygians in the 12th century BCE. Gordium was excavated by Gustav Körte and Alfred Körte in 1900 and then by the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, under the direction of Rodney S. Young, between 1950 and 1973.

The most famous king of Phrygia was the quasi-legendary Midas. Contemporary Assyrian sources dating between c. 718 and 709 BCE call him Mit-ta-a. According to the Greek historian Herodotus, King Midas was the first foreigner to make an offering at the sanctuary of Apollo at Delphi, dedicating the throne from which he gave judgment.