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Penn Museum: Megan Kassabaum | Underwater Panthers and Their Place in the Native American Cosmos

Dr. Megan Kassabaum describes the ‘Underwater Panthers’ of ancient the American mythology in this Pennsylvania Museum lecture, part of the ongoing series ‘Great Beasts of Legend’.

Archaeologists generally agree that certain beliefs about the cosmos are broadly shared among indigenous peoples of the Americas. Though the details vary wildly, the world is generally seen as consisting of three layers—the Above World, the Middle World, and the Beneath World. While we live our everyday lives in the Middle World, the Above and Beneath Worlds are inhabited by a variety of supernatural beings. One of the most intriguing characters to inhabit the Beneath World is the underwater panther, a composite creature with both feline and serpentine characteristics that is associated with the dangerous yet beneficial powers of rivers, waterfalls, whirlpools and caves.